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أول طفلة أنبوب في العالم تحتفل بعيد ميلادها الـ40 (صور)

© AFP 2021 / Daniel Leal-Olivasلويزا براون
لويزا براون - سبوتنيك عربي
تابعنا عبر
أعطت طفلة الأنبوب الأولى في العالم، لويز براون، الأمل لكثير من الأزواج المصابين بالعقم، بأن يكونوا آباء يوما ما، وتحتفل لويز اليوم الأربعاء بعيد ميلادها الـ40.

ولدت لويز جوي براون في 25 يوليو 1978 في أولدهام (مانشستر الكبرى في بريطانيا العظمى)، وقد حاولت والدتها الحمل دون جدوى لمدة 9 سنوات.

وأجرى الأطباء عملية التلقيح الاصطناعي لها، وفي 10 نوفمبر 1977 أصبحت حاملاً، وبذلك أصبحت أول امرأة تلد طفلاً عن طريق التلقيح الاصطناعي.

© AFP 2021لويز براون، أول طفلة أنبوب في العالم
لويز براون، أول طفلة أنبوب في العالم - سبوتنيك عربي
لويز براون، أول طفلة أنبوب في العالم

وقد أجرت والدة لويز عملية التلقيح الاصطناعي مرة أخرى فأنجبت طفلة أخرى عام 1982. 

وتعمل لويز اليوم مربية أطفال وهي متزوجة من حارس لملهى ليلي، ولديهما ابنان أنجبتهما بشكل طبيعي.

وعادة ما كان الناس يمازحونها، بقولهم، "ألم تكن الأنابيب ضيقة عليك؟"، لكنها لم تستاء لتلك الأقوال، وكانت تتقبلها بروح مرحة.

© AFP 2021 / HOA file picture taken on July 26, 1978 shows Louise Brown, the world's first IVF baby after she was delivered by Caesarean section at Oldham District General Hospital, Greater Manchester, north-west England. The birth of Louise Brown, the world's first IVF baby, hit headlines around the globe three decades ago -- but the married mother-of-one wants to keep her 30th birthday Friday July 25, 2008 low-key by contrast. Brown -- who lives in Bristol, south-west England, with husband Wesley Mullinder and 18-month-old son Cameron, working as a shipping company administrator -- remains reluctantly in the public eye despite her modest lifestyle.
لويز براون، أول طفلة أنبوب في العالم - سبوتنيك عربي
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A file picture taken on July 26, 1978 shows Louise Brown, the world's first IVF baby after she was delivered by Caesarean section at Oldham District General Hospital, Greater Manchester, north-west England. The birth of Louise Brown, the world's first IVF baby, hit headlines around the globe three decades ago -- but the married mother-of-one wants to keep her 30th birthday Friday July 25, 2008 low-key by contrast. Brown -- who lives in Bristol, south-west England, with husband Wesley Mullinder and 18-month-old son Cameron, working as a shipping company administrator -- remains reluctantly in the public eye despite her modest lifestyle.
© AFP 2021 / Daniel Leal-OlivasThe hospital identification bands, birth tag and umbilical cord clamp of Louise Brown, who in 1978 became the world's first baby to be born following successful in vitro fertilisation (IVF), are seen, some bearing the name of her mother Lesley, on display during an event at the Science Museum in London on July 23, 2018 to mark 40 years since her pioneering birth.
July 25, 2018 is the 40th birthday of Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" who was born at Oldham General Hospital on July 25, 1978 after her parents Lesley and John became the first people to successfully undergo in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Louises birth created controversy, but also paved the way for millions IVF births across the world over the next four decades and won Robert Edwards, one of the developers of the treatment, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
أنابيب أول إنسان ولد بعد الحمل عن طريق الإخصاب في المختبر أو التلقيح الاصطناعي - سبوتنيك عربي
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The hospital identification bands, birth tag and umbilical cord clamp of Louise Brown, who in 1978 became the world's first baby to be born following successful in vitro fertilisation (IVF), are seen, some bearing the name of her mother Lesley, on display during an event at the Science Museum in London on July 23, 2018 to mark 40 years since her pioneering birth.
July 25, 2018 is the 40th birthday of Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" who was born at Oldham General Hospital on July 25, 1978 after her parents Lesley and John became the first people to successfully undergo in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Louises birth created controversy, but also paved the way for millions IVF births across the world over the next four decades and won Robert Edwards, one of the developers of the treatment, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
© AFP 2021 / Daniel Leal-OlivasA glass desiccator, a jar used in early IVF treatments to keep the petri dish free from moisture, is seen on display as part of an exhibition 'IVF: 6 Million Babies Later' at the Science Museum in London on July 23, 2018 during an event to mark 40 years since the pioneering birth of Louise Brown the world's first IVF baby.
July 25, 2018 is the 40th birthday of Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" who was born at Oldham General Hospital on July 25, 1978 after her parents Lesley and John became the first people to successfully undergo in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Louises birth created controversy, but also paved the way for millions IVF births across the world over the next four decades and won Robert Edwards, one of the developers of the treatment, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
قارورة الزجاج المستخدمة في أول عملية التلقيح الاصطناعي قبل 40 عاما المتواجد في متحف العلوم في لندن - سبوتنيك عربي
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A glass desiccator, a jar used in early IVF treatments to keep the petri dish free from moisture, is seen on display as part of an exhibition 'IVF: 6 Million Babies Later' at the Science Museum in London on July 23, 2018 during an event to mark 40 years since the pioneering birth of Louise Brown the world's first IVF baby.
July 25, 2018 is the 40th birthday of Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" who was born at Oldham General Hospital on July 25, 1978 after her parents Lesley and John became the first people to successfully undergo in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Louises birth created controversy, but also paved the way for millions IVF births across the world over the next four decades and won Robert Edwards, one of the developers of the treatment, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
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A file picture taken on July 26, 1978 shows Louise Brown, the world's first IVF baby after she was delivered by Caesarean section at Oldham District General Hospital, Greater Manchester, north-west England. The birth of Louise Brown, the world's first IVF baby, hit headlines around the globe three decades ago -- but the married mother-of-one wants to keep her 30th birthday Friday July 25, 2008 low-key by contrast. Brown -- who lives in Bristol, south-west England, with husband Wesley Mullinder and 18-month-old son Cameron, working as a shipping company administrator -- remains reluctantly in the public eye despite her modest lifestyle.
2/3
The hospital identification bands, birth tag and umbilical cord clamp of Louise Brown, who in 1978 became the world's first baby to be born following successful in vitro fertilisation (IVF), are seen, some bearing the name of her mother Lesley, on display during an event at the Science Museum in London on July 23, 2018 to mark 40 years since her pioneering birth.
July 25, 2018 is the 40th birthday of Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" who was born at Oldham General Hospital on July 25, 1978 after her parents Lesley and John became the first people to successfully undergo in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Louises birth created controversy, but also paved the way for millions IVF births across the world over the next four decades and won Robert Edwards, one of the developers of the treatment, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
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A glass desiccator, a jar used in early IVF treatments to keep the petri dish free from moisture, is seen on display as part of an exhibition 'IVF: 6 Million Babies Later' at the Science Museum in London on July 23, 2018 during an event to mark 40 years since the pioneering birth of Louise Brown the world's first IVF baby.
July 25, 2018 is the 40th birthday of Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" who was born at Oldham General Hospital on July 25, 1978 after her parents Lesley and John became the first people to successfully undergo in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Louises birth created controversy, but also paved the way for millions IVF births across the world over the next four decades and won Robert Edwards, one of the developers of the treatment, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

ولا تفهم لويز إلى الآن ما سبب ردة فعل الناس العنيفة تجاهها فقد كان الكثيرون يبعثون لها هدايا على شكل أنابيب مدممة ويكتبون لها رسائل غير ودية.

تجدر الإشارة إلى أن مينغ تشو تشانغ قام بالاكتشاف العلمي، فقد أجرى التجارب على الأرانب وكانت ناجحة، وأتقن روبرت إدواردز هذه العملية بعد ذلك، حيث أضاف الكثير من الملاحظات الجديدة. وبفضل ذلك يمكن للآباء والأمهات الحصول على طفل جراء التلقيح الاصطناعي، على الرغم من المشاكل الصحية الخاصة بهم.

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